Historical Events  Movies
Wizard of Oz Scarecrow has gun

Many people swear he didn't

MMDE: The scarecrow didn't have a gun

Current: The scarecrow had a gun

Watch the Wizard of Oz today and you clearly see the Scarecrow brandishing a modern Magnum 357, painted silver.

Did he have this in the original? It's pretty prominent now, and clearly doesn't appear as just a quick glimpse which might be hard to spot.

Although many are sure he didn't, there may be an explanation for this particular Mass Memory Discrepancy Effect. The original 1939 film reel was stored incorrectly and subject to damage over time. Since then, several restoration attempts have been made resulting in different cuts. It's possible these cuts contained different scenes, including the Scarecrows gun. It would fit the story if he had one, because the other characters are all armed, and at that point in the plot are preparing to fight, or defend themselves.

Historical Events  People
Kennedy Assassination

Who did it?

The Kennedy assassination is the subject of one of the biggest conspiracy theories of all time.

That fateful day in Dallas, 1963 when live television caught the presidents death in the open topped motorcade is, for good or bad, one of the iconic events of the 20th century. Countless theories ranging from him wanting to escape the privately owned Federal Reserves monopoly on lending money to the US government with interest, to the mafia and right through to aliens have been in circulation ever since.

The actual shooting was filmed. For years, the hunt has been on for the "man behind the grassy knoll" by conspiracy theorists who don't buy the official story that Lee Harvey Oswald fired from a warehouse.

But does the video itself now show something not present at the time?

Historical Events  Movies
Star Wars

The Force is strong in this one

MMDE: Luke, I am your father

Current: No, I am your father

Star Wars is actually subject to a few Mass Memory Discrepancy Effects. The one discussed here concerns the famous line Darth Vader uses in Episode V when he tells Luke he is his father. In the original, did he say "Luke, I am your father" or "No, I am your father"? 

Many remember it as "Luke...", and that is the way it's been recorded in a few forms including a TV chat show with the voice of Darth Vader himself, James Earl Jones.

The problem is that all available versions of the movie show it as "No...". A small difference, but related to the whole Star Wars plot itself.

Historical Events  Movies
Mirror mirror

Did the movie change the line?

MMDE: Mirror, mirror

Current: Magic mirror

Pretty much everyone remembers the quote from Disneys 1937 classic "Snow White" as "Mirror, mirror on the wall..." but in the movie the line is actually "Magic mirror on the wall...".

It's referenced as "Mirror, mirror" in many places too - such as the Shrek movie, and there is even a movie actually titled "Mirror, mirror" too.

There could be an explanation for this one, however.

The movie Snow White was based on is the earlier Brothers Grimm fairy tale book in which it actually is written "Mirror, mirror...", so this line would have already been in the public consciousness by then, and Disney changing it at the time might not have been noticed.

Historical Events  Movies
Forrest Gump

What exactly did he say?

MMDE: Life is like a box of chocolates

Current: Life was like a box of chocolates

Ask anyone what Forrest Gumps most famous line is, and, assuming they aren't already aware of the controversy, chances are they would reply "My mom always said life IS like a box of chocolates". Play the movie today though, and he says "life WAS like a box of chocolates". It's a small point, but is having a big impact on those suffering from the Mass Memory Discrepancy Effect.

To complicate things, it appears there exist two versions of the original footage in which each of the different the lines were used. Since only one made it to the movie we see today, the "was" version, could it be the other one was somehow shown at the time? Even Tom Hanks has been caught saying "IS" in a subsequent TV skit he did years after the original.

Historical Events  Movies
Interview with the Vampire

One little word

MMDE: Interview with a Vampire

Current: Interview with the Vampire

The Mass Memory Discrepancy Effect applies to the 1976 novel by Anne Rice which was later made into a Hollywood movie starring Brad Pitt and Tom Cruise. Was it originally called "Interview with A Vampire" or "Interview with THE Vampire"? All references today show the latter, but many people are claiming the former.

The German version is still titled "Interview mit einem Vampir (Interview with a vampire)", so at least we have concrete evience today of there being an actual discrepancy. 

One supporting argument is that there are many vampires in the story, so theres no special reason to just single one out as the "the" version seems to.

Historical Events  Books
Berenstein/Berenstain Bears

Can we settle on Berenst#in?

MMDE: Berenstein Bears

Current: Berenstain Bears

Today, everywhere you look you see The Berenstain Bears are spelt that way - BerenstAin. Many people, however, are insistent that it was originally spelt BerentEin, so we have another Mass Memory Discrepancy Effect to consider.

For those wondering what the heck this is all about - never mind how they are spelt - The Berenstain Bears is a set of children's books originating in the early 1960's from Stan and Jan Berenstain.

The books became so popular that two TV series were launched, along with a range of merchandise and product licencing deals. Mike Berenstain took full authorship in 2012 following his father, Jan's, death.